|Notes for Baronet Richard Cox III|
|Became Lord Chancellor of Ireland. After the death of his father, Richard was reared by his grandfather, Walter Bird, and his uncle, John Bird. Sir Richard lived in Cork, then settled in Bristol, England. He wrote " Hibernia Anglicana: History of Ireland from the Conquest thereof by the English to the Present Time." He was in the Battle of Boyne, and was Military Governor of Cork in 1691. He was Knighted in 1690. |
Name: Sir Richard Cox III
Birth: 25 MAR 1650 in Brandon, Ireland
Death: 3 MAY 1733 in Ireland
(from Dictionary of National Biography, Volume IV, Smith and Elder, London, 1908)
This submission specifies someone other than SIR Richard Cox:
Birth: ABT 1657 in Glouchestershire, England
Death: ABT 1742 in New Castle Co., DE
... I don't trust this submission because it echoes the names of others over generations, yet it provides other dates and places.
Death: 3 MAY 1733 in Probably Dunmanway, County Cork, Ireland
|The 11,0614 acres in the parish of Fanlobbus with the exception of twelve acres of Glebe land at Fanlobbus which was left to the Protestant Parson, went to the Planters - Colonel William Arnopp, Lord Kingston, Robert Meade, Patrick Allen and William Parker. Later Philip Arnopp son of Colonel Arnopp sold his share of 2,932 acres around Dunmanway to one Richard Cox for £1,050. Later Richard Cox acquired further possessions and became the principal landholder in the district. Thus we came to what we might call the regime of the Cox Family in Dunmanway, which now to all intents and purposes became an English plantation.|
Richard Cox was born in Bandon on 25th March. 1650. His grandfather came from England. His uncle bound him to an Attorney in Clonakilty, In 1673 he was made Recorder of Kinsale and through his acquaintance with Sir Richard Southwell, Secretary of State to King William of Orange, he was advanced to the position of Second Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, He fled from Ireland during the cause of James II but returned with William of Orange. On 1st May 1691 he was appointed Governor of Cork. His aim was to develop prosperous settlements of English throughout Ireland. His influence with the Crown enabled him to get concessions that would not be granted to an ordinary planter. He saw that these colonies would have to depend on manufacture of linen, and one of his first official acts after being appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland was to get an English Act of Parliament passed authorising the export of Irish linen to the English plantations overseas.
Already on 2nd May 1693 he was granted Letters patent to convert the lands of Dunmanway where he wanted an English settlement with two fairs yearly on 23rd April and 15th November and a weekly market every Tuesday. Thus originated the town of Dunmanway. By 1700 Cox had no less than 30 families in his new settlement. Unlike his Bandon neighbour Boyle, Cox allowed Catholics to live in his town. Cox put great energy into his efforts to make Dunmanway a success. He moved the Church at Fanlobbus to the town, built a bridge over the Bandon river and made a road to Ballineen. He also established woollen and cotton industries. The new town does not appear to have developed as rapidly as expected and at the death of Cox in 1733 the town did not contain "more than 50 very indifferent houses, 12 not inhabited or by beggars only and 30 by people, who were for the most part poor and idle." Cox was succeeded by his grandson Richard who established the linen industry in the town and from then we can picture the rapid growth of the town. Smith tells us - " In May 1747 there were 87 houses with 87 flax wheels and 51 woollen wheels. By May 1749 the houses were increased to 117 and in all there were 226 flax wheels and 28 woollen wheels besides those of the spinning school." It was on 1st May each year that the wheels were displayed on the Green near the town and the day was spent in entertainment. One of the ceremonies was to choose the Master Weaver of the year. His reward was a good house rent-free for the next year.
Richard Pococke who visited Dunmanway in August 1758 left this account.
"The town consists of one street and some houses which are built for weavers by Sir Richard and of a return to the bridge over the river, which leads to a Green beautifully planted on each side of which are the houses of the labourers and others, and a quarter of a mile to the east a bleach yard. There are about 60 looms and spinning goes on sufficient for them. It is a most agreeable sight to see children employed in reeling even from 4 years old and such a general face of industry."
|15 SEP 1690 Justice Of Common Pleas|
1691 Military Govenor Of Cork
13 APR 1692 Privy Council
5 NOV 1692 Knighted
1703 Lord Chancellor Of Ireland
21 NOV 1706 Baronet
World Family Tree Vol. 4, Ed. 1, #0169
Raised by his uncle John Bird. Served as the Military Govenor Of Cork. Served on the Privy Council. Knighted on 11/5/1692. Served as Lord Chancellor Of Ireland. Was Chief Justice Of the Queens Bench. Baronet. Author of History Of Ireland. Lost offices 3 times due to his refusal to bend his interpretation of the law. Said to be a just administrator and fair to Catholics though he was a zealous Protestant.
|1652 AD Cromwell confiscates land from those who participated in the rebellion. Plans to forcibly move Ulster-Scots from Ulster to the South drawn up but never enforced.|
* 1660AD Charles II proclaimed King after restoration of the Monarchy in England.
* 1667 AD Act of Uniformity comes into force on 29th September. All holders of public office, civil and military, to take the Oath of Supremacy.
* 1675 AD Saddled by crippling debts after supporting the Royalist faction against Cromwell, the Montgomery's sold the Lordship and Manor of Newtown to captain Robert Colville for the sum of 10,640 pounds sterling.
* 1685 AD James II ascended the throne.
* 1686 AD Richard Talbot is appointed Earl of Tyrconnell and General of the Forces in Ireland. As part of James's Catholicisation he proceeds to replace both the English and the Protestants in the army with Catholics.
* 1688 AD Siege of Derry begins when apprentice boys close and lock the city gates against the forces of James II. The people inside not only suffered from attacks by canonballs and mortors; a floating boom was placed across the River Foyle to prevent supplies from reaching the walled city. Thousands died from starvation and disease.
* 1689 AD William and Mary ascend the Throne. James lands in Ireland. After 105 days a relief ship broke through the boom at Derry and ended the 'Siege of Derry'.
* 1690 AD William III lands at Carrickfergus and defeats James's forces at Battle of the Boyne. James flees to France to his benefactor, Louis XIV of France.
* 1691 AD James's forces suffer further defeat at the Battle of Aughrim. The war in Ireland ends with the surrender of Limerick.
* 1695 AD Penal legislation against Catholics and Dissenters begins. This legislation is modelled on the French penal laws against Protestants.
* 1702 AD William III dies and Anne becomes Queen.
* 1704 AD The High Church Party brings out the Test Act. Sacramental Testing for public office applicable both to Catholics and Dissenters. The entire Belfast Corporation was expelled and in Derry, 10 out of 12 were expelled.
* 1717 AD The beginning of the mass migration of Ulster-Scots to the American Colonies. By 1775 at least a quarter of a million people had fled and with their dependants made up 15% of the non-Indian Americans.
* 1719 AD The violence shown against Presbyterians in persuit of their religion, together with the rate of emigration out of Ulster by them, leads to the government enacting the Toleration Act in November. This Act finally recognised Presbyterianism . It was therefore no longer a crime to be a Presbyterian.
1688 - James II, deposed Catholic king of England, flees to Ireland and raises army.
... Richard Cox gets a series of appointments, and is knighted ...
1690 - William of Orange defeats James II at Battle of the Boyne; James' army surrenders the following year in Limerick.
1695 - Penal code severely reduces rights of Roman Catholics.
... Sir Richard becomes Lord Chancellor of Ireland ... then Baronet.
|Last Modified 7 Jan 2002||Created 27 Jan 2008 by Reunion for Macintosh|